Towards the end of the nineteenth century and beyond, the USA seemed to be a ‘promised land’ for countless European musicians, who had relied on American tours to establish their fame and fortune. Among the ambitious Italian emigrants, Mozart’s librettist Lorenzo Da Ponte and conductor Arturo Toscanini are just two of the most brilliant Italian personalities whose presence enthused audiences across the Atlantic. Drawing on a wealth of evidence, this book recounts the overseas experiences of eight Italian composers—Ferruccio Busoni, Rosario Scalero, Alfredo Casella, Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Luigi Dallapiccola, Gian Carlo Menotti, Nino Rota, and Luciano Berio—and their interactions with the America of their day as well as its music and musicians. Their sojourns in the New World—stays that ranged in duration from occasional tours to many decades of residence—not only highlight an understanding of a lesser-known aspect of their biographies, but also forged the image of the United States in Italy. They also shaped the way in which ‘Italianness’ was perceived abroad, while also nurturing a vital, bicultural cross-pollination in the field of Western classical music.